Oct. 25, 2020

The History of Halloween and Halloween Candy Tampering


Sarah takes us through the history of Halloween and all of its spooky traditions, including trick-or-treating, costumes, pagan rituals, and more! She also investigates the origins of our favourite fun-sized candies. Becca then looks at some instances of Halloween candy tampering and the research behind the topic of Halloween sadism in North America. She discusses cyanide poisoning, misreporting by the media, and what parents should really be concerned about on Hallows’ Eve.

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This podcast was produced by Geoff Devine at Earworm Radio. Follow Geoff @ewradio on Instagram or visit earwormradio.com.

References

  1. Rogers, N. (2002;2003). Halloween: From pagan ritual to party night. Cary: Oxford University Press.
  2. Peddle, S. V. (2007). Pagan Channel Islands: Europe's Hidden Heritage. p. 54
  3. Wikipedia (2020). Pound Sterling. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pound_sterling#Etymology 
  4. Kawash, S. (2010) How Candy and Halloween Became Best Friends. The Atlantic. Retrieved from: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2010/10/how-candy-and-halloween-became-best-friends/64895/ 
  5. History (2014;2019). The Haunted History of Halloween Candy. History.com. Retrieved from: https://www.history.com/news/the-haunted-history-of-halloween-candy 
  6. CBC News (2013). Rockets candy a halloween treat with a Toronto history. Retrieved from: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/rockets-candy-a-halloween-treat-with-a-toronto-history 
  7. International Business Times. (2018). Halloween Candy Gone Wrong: 4 Dangerous Goodie Bag Treats. Retrieved from https://go-gale-com.ezproxy.lib.ryerson.ca/ps/i.do?p=CPI&u=rpu_main&id=GALE%7CA560731509&v=2.1&it=r&sid=summon 
  8. Klemesrud, J. (1970, Oct 28). Those Treats May Be Tricks. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1970/10/28/archives/those-treats-may-be-tricks.html 
  9. Kawash, S. (2009). Laxatives and the end of Trick or Treating. Retrieved from https://candyprofessor.com/2009/10/30/laxatives-and-the-end-of-trick-or-treating/ 
  10. The New York Times. (1964, Nov 2). L.I. Children Get Poison ‘Treat’; Accused Housewife Committed. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1964/11/02/archives/li-children-get-poison-treat-accused-housewife-committed.htm
  11. The New York Times. (1970, Nov 10). Boy, 5, Who Died of Heroin May Have Taken a Capsule. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1970/11/10/archives/boy-5-who-died-of-heroin-may-have-taken-a-capsule.html 
  12. Dexheimer, E. (2009). The myth outlives 'candyman'. Austin American Statesman. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.lib.ryerson.ca/login?url=https://www-proquest-com.ezproxy.lib.ryerson.ca/docview/255861562?accountid=13631 
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Facts About Cyanide. Retrieved from https://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/cyanide/basics/facts.asp 
  14. Ferreras, J (2017, Jul 28). A man ate three cherry pits. Then he got cyanide poisoning and almost died. Global News. Retrieved from https://globalnews.ca/news/3633729/cherry-pits-cyanide-poisoning/ 
  15. Canetti, B. (1984). The ex-wife of Ronald Clark O'Bryan, awaiting execution for… Retrieved from https://www.upi.com/Archives/1984/03/30/The-ex-wife-of-Ronald-Clark-OBryan-awaiting-execution-for/6595449470800/ 
  16. Best, J. (n.d.). Halloween Sadism. Retrieved from https://www.joelbest.net/halloween-sadism 
  17. Halloween death natural: [final edition]. (2002, Jan 29). Daily Townsman Retrieved from http://ezproxy.lib.ryerson.ca/login?url=https://www-proquest-com.ezproxy.lib.ryerson.ca/docview/356186790?accountid=13631 
  18. Abc10. (2019, May 24). Oakdale hoax: Police arrest father for falsely reporting Halloween candy with metal. Retrieved from https://www.abc10.com/article/news/crime/oakdale-halloween-candy-hoax-police-arrest-father-for-false-report/103-6d6642ba-e6e5-43d6-9a90-a6051b34da7b 
  19. CBC. (2019, Oct 31). Trick or truth? The real story behind Halloween candy tampering. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/health/halloween-candy-tampering-urban-legend-truth-1.5341734 
  20. Dizikes, P. (2018). Study: On Twitter, false news travels faster than true stories. Retrieved from https://news.mit.edu/2018/study-twitter-false-news-travels-faster-true-stories-0308 
  21. Staples, J.A., Yip, C., Redelmeier, D. A. Pedestrian fatalities associated with halloween in the United States. JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(1):101–103. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4052